This complex of procedures aims to protect sensitive facilities or areas from rodents and, if present,
eliminate them. Rodents can cause damage to the structures and equipment of buildings, agricultural
buildings, and warehouses. They can damage the insulation layer of these spaces and disrupt
electrical and plumbing systems. Their activities can also lead to fires in the premises, and stored
products can be contaminated by water leaking from damaged water pipes.
Here are some facts about rodents and the damage they can cause:
- Rodents gnaw through obstacles with sharp incisors coated with enamel as hard as steel (rating 5.5
on the Mohs scale).
- The brown rat can exert a biting force of 1,700 kg/cm2 and can bite at a speed of 1.5 to 6 bites per
- Approximately 3.5 million rats are added to the global population every day, with each rat
consuming 20 grams of food, excreting 20 droppings, and leaving about 16 milliliters of urine,
contaminating approximately 30 kilograms of product.
- One hundred rats consume more than a ton of dry products in a year, while 25 rats consume as
much as one human.
- In a year, a pair of house mice can leave over 10,000 droppings and nearly 2 liters of urine where
- Rodents, particularly rats, can transmit over 60 dangerous diseases, such as rat-bite fever,
leptospirosis (Weil's disease), salmonellosis, plague, and trichinosis.
Due to these reasons, rodents cause significant losses, especially in the food industry.
In many countries, imported food products are inspected to determine if they were produced in the
presence of rodents. Products can be returned to exporters if, for example, traces of rodent hair are
found in chocolate or flour.
Professional pest control companies employ Integrated Pest Management (IPM) methods. The
fundamental principle of IPM is prevention and proactive measures to make it as difficult as possible
or even impossible for rodents to migrate onto the premises or into the interior of food processing
facilities. The goal is to create conditions where rodents cannot find hiding places or suitable
environments for breeding. Eliminating rodents should always be regulated by appropriate local
regulations on cleanliness and order. Such regulations impose an obligation on property owners to
carry out periodic rodent control actions. Rodent control is, therefore, mandatory.
It is important to remember that it is cheaper, easier, and safer to prevent rodent infestations rather
than having to control them later.